“Where” (location) is certainly one of the key qualifiers for anyone seeking to divine the health and direction of the housing market.
But so is “what?” — as in “what kind of housing?”
In the housing market, the key distinction is between existing and new housing.
That distinction explains how, literally in the same paper (the Star Tribune, on July 30), the front page ran a story saying that new housing inventory was shrinking, and that new permit applications were up.
Conclusion: things are getting better.
Meanwhile, the lead article in the business section attested to the slow-down in sales of existing housing, and an uptick in foreclosures.
Things are getting worse.
Certainly by size, what happens to existing housing matters much, more more: existing homes account for more than 90% of the market, or about 5 million units annually, vs. less than 500,000 units for new construction.
However, economically, new construction exerts an influence far greater than its 10% market share would suggest.
That’s because each new home represents tens (if not hundreds of thousands) spent on labor, material, land, appliances, furniture, etc. — expenditures that reverberate through the economy many times over due to what’s called the multiplier effect.
It’s also true that new homes frequently compete with existing ones for Buyers, just as used (pre-owned) cars compete with new ones.
So, the supply (and therefore) price of new homes affects the supply (and price) of existing homes — and vice versa.
However, at least in the Twin Cities, my experience is that the two markets — existing and new — overlap less than elsewhere.
I see two reasons for that: 1) the vast majority of new housing locally is put up in the outer suburbs (“exurbs”), where land is cheapest; and 2) the price difference between a new home in the ‘burbs, vs. an existing one closer in, isn’t as extreme in the Twin Cities as it is elsewhere — for example, the Bay Area.
Going back to “location, location, location,” most Buyers first settle on “where,” before they get to “what” (kind of housing).
P.S.: is Jim Buchta back? The long-time real estate reporter for the Star Tribune — switched to the travel section 2(?) years ago — has has several housing article bylines in the last few weeks.
If true, that’s very good news!