“Airline Pricing” Spreads to Mortgages
Both Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac say they are tacking on extra fees to counter higher risks and losses associated with certain loan products, buyer equity stakes and credit scores . . . However, real estate agents, mortgage bankers and brokers are incensed at the new round of fee increases, calling them counterproductive in an environment in which housing needs help, not new impediments.
–Kenneth Harney, “From Fannie and Freddie, Here Come the Fee Increases“; The Washington Post (2/14/09)
Call it the spread of the “airline industry model.” *
They can’t figure out how to make money — in fact, they lose billions every year — so they have to recoup it any way they can. So they start tacking on fees — lots and lots of them. For checking extra bags, in-flight food, headphones, fuel surcharges — you name it. Each year, the list only grows longer — and more annoying.
Get ready for the post-housing bust Fannie and Freddie pricing model. In addition to paying mortgage interest, borrowers can now expect to pay two different kinds of add-on fees:
One. Premiums, called “delivery fees,” for Buyers who can’t meet (newly conservative) downpayment thresholds; and
Two. Surcharges for disfavored housing categories (because they’re supposedly higher risk). That includes condominiums and owner-occupied duplexes.
Just one more illustration of the old saying about banks “lending you an umbrella when it’s sunny and demanding it back when it’s raining.”
And that’s private lenders.
Add government bureaucracy and inefficiency to the equation, and you get the worst of both worlds (JFK famously remarked that Washington “combined the charm of a northern city with the efficiency of a southern one”).
*The other parallel with airlines? Custom pricing (no two borrowers pay the same rate) that literally changes minute-by-minute. I attribute this latter phenomenon to modern computing power as much as anything else.